As a cat owner or any pet owner, it is your responsibility to ensure good health of your pets. There are times when you take great care of your pet’s health, but unfortunately, there are a few things that might go wrong. There are some diseases that can affect your cat, regardless of how good care you take of them. In such cases, the best thing for you to do is to stay informed and watch out for symptoms.
Below are the common diseases that may affect your cat, their symptoms, and preventive management.
– Dental Disease – Is one of the most common diseases that cats suffer from, as it affects more than 88% of cats that are over 3 years old. Dental disease increases the chances of your cat developing a kidney disease. However, if you can identify the dental disease in its initial stages, you have a good chance to help eliminate it and reduce the chances of kidney disease.
Here are the symptoms of dental disease in cats:
- If they are having difficulty chewing
- When their breath smells bad
- A decrease in daily appetite
- An increase in salivation
- If they change their food preference
Prevention & Management:
An easy way to prevent dental disease is by setting up dental exams twice a year and set up an annual dental cleaning done by a professional. At home, you should maintain a daily oral hygiene routine, which means brushing daily.
– Otitis Externa– An infection in the ear, and inflammation, which causes discomfort and lifelong issues. This can be a huge discomfort to your cat and can turn into an expensive treatment.
Otitis externa triggers include; ear mites, allergies, and irritation from trees, shrubs, and plants. One out of fifteen cats are affected by otitis externa, but precautions are necessary.
Here are the symptoms of Otitis Externa:
- Bad Odor
- Harsh scratching of head and ears
- Discharge from ears
- Swelling and redness of ear canal or flap
- Tilting head to one side, or constantly shaking it.
- Extremely sensitive when you reach for areas around the ears
- Irritated and depressed
Prevention and Management
Schedule regular exams with the vet, and take part in preventive care to help reduce chances.
– Diabetes Mellitus - Is a chronic disease, due to issues regarding insulin production, as well as insulin function. The bad news is that diabetes in cats is growing, and has gone up 18% in the last year alone!
Your cat can get two types of diabetes:
Type 1, insulin dependent – where their pancreas is unable to produce insulin or might produce a low level of insulin.
Type 2, but non-insulin dependent – in this case, the cat’s body produces insulin, but their body is rejecting it.
Here are the symptoms you should watch for:
- Increase in number of urination
- Increase in thirst
- Eating a lot, but losing weight
- Tired, and slow
Prevention & Management
Arrange for twice a year exams with the vet, to ensure that it is caught at an early stage. Help your cat stay active, and maintain a good weight via nutrition and exercise. If your cat is obese or overweight the chances of them developing diabetes increases. If your cat suffers from diabetes, you need to adjust their diet, give them insulin injections religiously, and schedule regular trips to the vet.